27 Miria, S, “Dhuna ndaj grave dhe tabutë psikosociale që e favorizojnë atë”, , Botim i shoqatës Refleksione, Tirana 1996; S. eight “The new Government is absolutely committed to bring to an finish to the violence on women and young girls and their exploitation for prostitution and other purposes. Effective policies and measures to prevent domestic and family violence and crime towards women may even be a excessive priority”, Government Program , presented in the Albanian Parliament, 9 September 2005. Take effective measures to ensure that all media respect and promote respect for women, offering info on the issue of violence in opposition to women, and the choices for the victims, in an accessible manner. Ensure that cops are subject to the investigative and prosecutorial authority of impartial civilian our bodies and that members of police and safety forces and government officials who fail to hold out their legal duty to guard women and forestall violence when clearly required to do so, are dropped at justice.
had conspired to kill Murat Manjani, attacking him with a shovel and an axe while he was asleep. had not been current on the time of the killing, although the group notes that the alibi S.M. offered to Amnesty International, and their account of the events following the homicide was different to that presented in the court data. On thirteen September 2004, they have been each have been convicted of the murder of Murat Manjani. Both women declared to the courtroom that “the victim had previously been continually violent towards them”, and the defence lawyer requested that the qualification of the offence be changed to “murder dedicated while exceeding the boundaries of essential self-defence” beneath Article 83. was convicted and sentenced to twenty years’ imprisonment, and her daughter to 18 years, later lowered to 9 years’ imprisonment because she was a minor when the offence was dedicated.
Amnesty International additionally urges the Albanian authorities to undertake and implement the draft law on measures towards violence within the household. Guarantee women, in circumstances of divorce, a fair process in in search of their rights to alimony, property, baby support and custody of their kids. Issuing a standing open invitation to the UN Special Rapporteur on violence against women, and facilitating access to all authorities amenities, institutions and officials.
In Shkodra, staff on the Hapat e Lehtё counselling and advice centre, informed Amnesty International that judges refuse to recognize home violence as a think about divorce instances, and that, consequently, in an virtually albanian women dating self-fulfilling prophecy, home violence seems to not exist. They also noted that many ladies in their space found the prices of a divorce prohibitive – reportedly 10,000 leke (round €eighty).
AI notes that in some states, laws have been passed which fail to take the girl’s view into account, and will doubtlessly violate their rights. 103 AI is unable to verify this; nevertheless a spokesman for Elbasan police reported that they’d received three complaints of domestic violence in the identical week, Gazeta Shqiptare, 25 May 2005. 85 Report of the UN Special Rapportuer on violence against women, February 1996, E/CN.4/1996/53. The Special Rapporteur also famous the absence of a law addressing home violence, “including marital rape”, and of the availability of social providers. 28 Kaci B, Violence in opposition to women – A national drawback, Tirana, 1996, . In Refleksione’s 1996 survey, sixty four per cent of women interviewed had experienced physical and psychological violence within their intimate partner relationships; 35 per cent of had additionally witnessed serious physical and psychological violence of their family of origin.
Albanian Women Images
183 NGOs knowledgeable AI that they have been aware of two other cases during which women had succeeded in legally eradicating their husband from their household property; in one other case, the husband had lodged a counter-claim, which was subsequently withdrawn, Tirana District Court, Reg. Family Code of Albania, Women’s Legal Rights Initiative, January 2004. 148 Article 7 , Model Strategies and Practical Measures; CoE CoM Rec 5, Article 39, “make provisions to ensure that legal proceedings may be initiated by the general public prosecutor”.
Violence Within The Household
They admit pregnant women – at least one child has been born within the shelter – and people with infants and younger children, a lot of whom repeat the abusive patterns they have seen in their fathers. Women with drink or drug problems aren’t admitted, and those with mental well being problems may rather be referred to hospital. Amnesty International urges that the draft legislation – and the Criminal Code – should be amended to make sure the criminalization, prosecution and punishment of domestic violence. Finally Amnesty International stresses that such protection orders should not be seen as an alternative choice to legal prosecutions in cases the place protection orders are violated and there may be evidence or reasonable suspicion that felony offences including threats, assaults or other types of home violence have been dedicated. Provisions for awarding custody to 1 mother or father, and granting rights of access or visitation to the other are set out in Articles 154 to 161, which state that the views of a minor youngster and a report by social employees or psychologists ought to be taken into account. Provisions for the maintenance of youngsters, amplifying – however not enhancing upon – previous laws, are set out in Articles 192 to 214.
However, the choice notes that the “court takes into consideration as a mitigating circumstance that the defendant committed the crime in deep psychological distress brought on by the violence and different unjust actions perpetrated by the victim”. On enchantment, on 19 November 2004 , the charge was modified to Article 82, and DK was sentenced as an alternative to eight years’ imprisonment, reduced to 5 years and 4 months underneath Article 406. Amnesty International reviewed seven court selections in cases during which eight women were convicted for killing or attempting to kill their husband ; the organization also interviewed 5 of those women at Women’s Prison 325 in Tirana.
Gentle Damage (article 89 Cc) And Different Intentional Harm (article 90 Cc)
Amnesty International notes that in no less than three of the cases of female defendants reviewed, there might have been grounds for changing the charge to self-defence . From the decisions available to Amnesty International it is not clear whether or not this is due to an absence of supporting evidence, or as a result of the defendant lacked the services of a diligent lawyer during the investigation. In three instances reviewed defence attorneys had asked that the cost be modified to Article 82 . According to the courtroom choice, and primarily based on the evidence of E.M, a minor daughter, P.M.
Women Who Kill
225 European Parliament decision on the current scenario in combating violence towards women and any future action, ((2004/2220), adopted 2 February 2006. 223 Radhika Coomaraswamy, Special Rapporteur on violence in opposition to women, Report to the Commission on Human Rights, UN Doc.
had lodged an attraction towards her sentence with the Tirana Appeal Court on 20 January 2005. was convicted on eleven October 2004 for the murder of her husband under Article 76, and the illegal possession of a weapon, and initially sentenced to 12 years’ imprisonment . According to the decision, her lawyer had requested for the cost to be modified to Article eighty two , however had did not present any proof to support this. The determination said that “the defendant did not commit the offence when she was attacked, but some time later when she took the weapon, left the home, hid in the bathroom exterior, waited for the moment when the victim did not have a weapon at hand, and shot at him from behind”.