Geography Of Bulgaria

Change nation of residence By telling us your country of residence we’re capable of offer you probably the most relevant travel insurance information. Bulgaria has vital reserves of steel ores, particularly copper, zinc and lead, located mainly in the southern half of the nation. The two largest iron ore mines are located in Kremikovtsi near Sofia and Krumovo, Yambol Province with complete reserves of 430 million tons. Manganese ore is extracted near Obrochishte in Dobrich Province , in addition to in the provinces of Sofia and Varna. The reserves of chromium are small and are scattered within the Rhodope Mountains.

It passes by way of Sofia’s japanese suburbs and crosses the Balkan Mountains by way of a spectacular 65 km–lengthy gorge. Other necessary tributaries of the Danube embody the rivers Lom, Ogosta, Vit, Osam and Yantra.

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Bulgaria possesses essential reserves of lead and zinc, of them 60% are located within the southern reaches of the Rhodope Mountains alongside the border with Greece at Madan, Zlatograd, Madzharovo, Rudozem, Laki, and so on. The reserves of copper ore are additionally important, located mainly at Asarel Medet close to Panagyurishte, Elatsite mine close to Etropole , Elshitsa, Medni Rid near Burgas, and so forth. There is gold near Tran, Chelopech and Madzharovo, as well as small portions of platinum, silver, molybdenum, nickel and tungsten.

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The mountain range stretches from the valley of the river Timok in the west to Cape Emine on the Black Sea coast in the east, spanning a length of 555 km and width between 20 and 70 km. The Balkan Mountains are divided into western, central and jap part by the Zlatitsa and Vratnik Passes. The vary is highest in its central half, which includes Botev Peak at 2,376 m; the altitude drops slowly to the east till it reaches the sea. The relief is diversified, with many mountain passes, gorges and landforms.

The longest river flowing directly to the Black Sea is the Kamchiya , while different rivers embrace the Batova, Provadiya, Aheloy, Ropotamo, Veleka and Rezovo. The Rilo-Rhodope geomorphological area covers the south-western regions of Bulgaria and consists of the Rhodope Mountains, Rila, Pirin, Osogovo, Vlahina, Maleshevo, Ograzhden, Slavyanka and Belasitsa, as well as the valleys of the rivers Struma and Mesta. The Rhodopes are the most intensive mountain vary in Bulgaria, spanning an space of 14,730 km2 with a median altitude of 785 m, characterised with mild and densely forested slopes. The Sub-Balkan valleys embrace 9 valleys, situated between the Balkan Mountains within the north and Vitosha and Sredna Gora within the south. With an area of 1,186 km2 and a median altitude of 550 m, Sofia Valley is the largest of the nine and contains the nation’s capital, Sofia.

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The main faith in Bulgaria is Bulgarian Orthodox, but there are additionally Roman Catholics, Muslims, Protestants and Jews. We pride ourselves on the variety of our meals, our famous Rosa Damascena , and the hospitality of our folks. I was born and raised in Bulgaria, and after several years abroad, I settled back in my residence nation.

The river’s highest water levels usually occur through the May floods; it is frozen over a median of 40 days per year. The longest river positioned completely in Bulgarian territory, the Iskar, with a size of 368 km and a catchment space of eight,640 km2, is the only Bulgarian Danubian tributary that does not rise in the Balkan Mountains.

Other lignite basins embody Sofia valley , Elhovo , Lom , Maritsa Zapad . The reserves of sub-bituminous coal are 300 million tons, located mainly near Bobov Dol, Pernik and Burgas. The recoverable reserves of bituminous coal and anthracite are insignificant – only 10 and a pair of,5 million tons respectively. However, there’s bulgarian girls a big basin of bituminous coal in Southern Dobruja with estimated reserves of over 1 billion tons but its massive depth (1370–1950 m) is an impediment for its industrial exploitation. The Balkan Mountains divide Bulgaria into two almost equal drainage methods.

The Rose Valley encompasses the valleys of Karlovo and Kazanlak and is renowned for its rose-growing trade, which has been thriving there for hundreds of years, producing eighty five% of the world’s rose oil. The Kazanlak Valley is also known as the Valley of the Thracian Kings because of the extraordinarily high concentration and variety of monuments of the Thracian culture. The Balkan Mountains vary is a geological continuation of the Carpathian Mountains, forming part of the Alpine-Himalayan orogenic belt. This area is subdivided into two geomorphological items, the Pre-Balkan and the Balkan Mountains, additionally identified in Bulgarian as Стара Планина– “Old Mountain”. Its complete area is 26,720 km2, of them the Pre-Balkan spans 15,730 km2 and the Balkan Mountains – nearly 11,000 km2.

The bigger system drains northward to the Black Sea, primarily by way of the Danube. This system consists of the complete Danubian Plain and a stretch of land working 48–80 km inland from the shoreline within the south. The Danube will get barely more than four% of its complete quantity from its Bulgarian tributaries. As it flows alongside the northern border, the Danube averages 1.6 to 2.four km in width.

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Bulgaria possesses vital reserves of coal estimated at four,8 billion tons. More than 92% of them, or four,5 billion tons, is lignite, which is the bottom rank of coal due to its comparatively low warmth content material however is extensively used for electrical energy generation. With reserves of 2,856 billion tons Maritsa Iztok, located in the Upper Thracian Plain, is by far the most important coal basin within the country which powers Maritsa Iztok Complex, the biggest power complex in South-Eastern Europe.